Social Issues in Transport

Sustainability has three main pillars: economy, environment, and society. A transportation system that is sustainable must address all the three factors of sustainability. In order to complete the picture, this theme addresses the issues of society. The theme currently includes one module focusing on the role of gender in urban transportation.

Sourcebook Modules:


7a. Gender and Urban Transport
(Mika Kunieda, Aimée Gauthier)
This module addresses how gender should be addressed in transport policy and planning. The authors state that unsuccessful, inefficient, and unsustainable transport can result from a lack of consideration of gender issues. Moreover, transport is often seen as gender neutral — a road or bus system is expected to affect everyone equally. However, urban transport systems are dynamic and are influenced by society, and differences within society must be taken into account. In brief, the objective of this module is to generate greater awareness and knowledge about the relevance of gender in urban transport, and how to address it in a smart and affordable way.
Download here: English Español

Technical Documents:

2. Social Change and Urban Transport
Social Change and Urban Transport
(Dr. Marie Thynell)
Despite the growing awareness of the need of sustainability in transport planning, efforts to work on this topic have focused on the environmental and economic aspects, but there have been few projects and initiatives investigating and working upon the social aspects of transport, the third of the main pillars of sustainability. This document describes how transport in its social dimension has many intricacies that should be taken into account when analysing existing policies and developing new ones. It provides a description of the main issues to be tackled, the main stakeholders in the local and international/multilateral levels, indication as to how to implement social change in transport, and a brief overview of social impact assessment as an aid to such a process.
Download here: EN

External Links:

Road Safety
Reading List: Road Safety

Practical Action
(Formerly Intermediate Technology Development Group) believes that one of the major causes of poverty is isolation and that improving the access and mobility of the isolated poor paves the way for access to markets, services, and opportunity.

GENDERSTATS: The World Bank Database of Gender Statistics

World Bank, Background Resource Materials on Transport and Poverty

Cities on the Move: An Urban Transport Strategy Review

Brazil National Association of Public Transport

Best Practices Database in Improving the Living Environment, Women Empowerment Practices

The City Mayors Transport Section
Deals with urban transport issues in developed and developing countries and features the world’s metro systems.

Mainstreaming du Genre et Mobilité
Many resources, including a section on gender issues and transport mobility.

The Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies
Has 314 papers under various topics such as transportation survey, transportation demand analysis, urban road systems, data collection, land use and spatial analysis, and project evaluation.

The Journal of World Transport Policy and Practice
An independent electronic journal of transport, the environment, economics and ecology, and the development of a better transport system. All articles can be downloaded for free.

Women in Cities International
Focused on gender equity and participation of women in policymaking in a networking event. Various discussions were held on the problems faced by women in urban areas, especially with regard to transportation.

U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway
Administration Women’s Travel Issues: proceedings from the Second National Conference, October 1996 has links to the papers not to be found elsewhere.

Global Development Research Center Sustainable Transportation
Has a great entrance point for web-based material on sustainable transportation, but no gender angle.

The Sustran Discuss List
Is an email discussion list devoted to people-centred, equitable, and sustainable transport with a focus on developing countries.

Access Exchange International
Is a non-profit organization that promotes cost-effective access to public transportation for disabled persons in developing countries.

International Forum for Rural Transport and Development (IFRTD)
Is a global network of organizations and individuals working to improve accessibility and mobility in rural communities. Functions as the webmaster/secretariat of GATNET

Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP)
Promotes socially equitable and environmentally sustainable transportation policies and projects worldwide. The ITDP publishes a quarterly on-line newsletter, Sustainable Transport, available free.

Murdoch University Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy
Has a unique collection of papers and case studies on urban transport.

Transport Links- Transport for Development
UK Department for International Development, provides extensive information resources and links to research on developing region transportation.

Karachi Urban Resource Centre
Is an advocacy group of urban planning related professionals, representatives of NGOs and grass-root community organisations, and teachers at professional colleges.

The Victoria Transport Policy Institute
Is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative and practical solutions to transportation problems. A variety of recent resources are available free from the website.

UNFPA: State of the World’s Population